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Friday, March 20

  1. page WW32 Ludendorff edited ... August 8th was the black day of the German army in the history of this war. This was the worst…
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    August 8th was the black day of the German army in the history of this war. This was the worst experience that I had to go through, except for the events that, from September 15th onwards, took place on the Bulgarian Front and sealed the fate of the Quadruple Alliance.
    We had to resign ourselves now to the prospect of a continuation of the enemy’s offensive. Their success had been too easily gained. Their wireless was jubilant, and announced – and with truth – that the morale of the German army was no longer what it had been. The enemy had also captured many documents of inestimable value to them. The Entente must have gained a clear idea of our difficulty in finding reserves, a further reason why they should pursue the offensive without respite.
    {According to Plan Punch August 1918.png} "According to Plan" - Little Willie: "Well, father wanted a war of movement, and now he's got it!" (Punch, August 1918)
    Source C – David Thomson, Europe Since Napoleon, 1957
    This brilliant plan, concerting the separate national thrusts into a grand strategy of offence, took full advantage of Germany’s lack of reserves, as well as of her advanced front-line positions. Foch won tactical advantage by the use of tanks. All through September his blows fell according to plan.
    (view changes)
    4:22 pm
  2. page WW32 Ludendorff edited ... August 8th was the black day of the German army in the history of this war. This was the worst…
    ...
    August 8th was the black day of the German army in the history of this war. This was the worst experience that I had to go through, except for the events that, from September 15th onwards, took place on the Bulgarian Front and sealed the fate of the Quadruple Alliance.
    We had to resign ourselves now to the prospect of a continuation of the enemy’s offensive. Their success had been too easily gained. Their wireless was jubilant, and announced – and with truth – that the morale of the German army was no longer what it had been. The enemy had also captured many documents of inestimable value to them. The Entente must have gained a clear idea of our difficulty in finding reserves, a further reason why they should pursue the offensive without respite.
    {http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11571/11571-h/images/258.png} "According to Plan" - Little Willie: "Well, father wanted a war of movement, and now he's got it!" (Punch, August 1918) SourceSource C –
    This brilliant plan, concerting the separate national thrusts into a grand strategy of offence, took full advantage of Germany’s lack of reserves, as well as of her advanced front-line positions. Foch won tactical advantage by the use of tanks. All through September his blows fell according to plan.
    Source D – Gordon A. Craig, Europe Since 1815, 1961
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    4:21 pm
  3. page WW32 Ludendorff edited ... Result of the Spring Offensive The German Spring Offensives had nearly succeeded but, ultimat…
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    Result of the Spring Offensive
    The German Spring Offensives had nearly succeeded but, ultimately, their failure now meant inevitable defeat for the Germans. Germany had suffered over 1,000,000 casualties, lost over 100,000 men as prisoners, and much of their artillery captured. By July, American troops were joining battle in large numbers.
    {http://www.gutenberg.org/files/11571/11571-h/images/252.png}{Champagne Counter Offensive Punch July 1918.png} "A Champagne
    Commonwealth War Graves Commission website: The German Offensives
    The Allied Response
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    4:19 pm

Tuesday, March 10

  1. page G41 Nature of Foreign Policy edited ... nature of Nazi foreign policy: aims and strategies to September 1939 Text: Chapter Twelve &qu…
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    nature of Nazi foreign policy: aims and strategies to September 1939
    Text: Chapter Twelve "The Path to War"
    Foreign policyPolicy in action
    Small, tentative steps to begin with while Nazi power
    was a central partconsolidated. By 1935, consolidation of Hitler’s ideologypower, Jews and opponents removed, oath of loyalty from army.
    Oct 1933 Withdrew from League of Nations
    and was linked to racial beliefs
    Policy objectives set out in Mein Kampf: restore Germany to its rightful position; history a struggle between nations for slf-preservation; drive to the east.
    Demoralisation had caused defeat in
    World War I. Gleichschaltung was a meansDisarmament Conference.
    1934 Non-aggression pact with Poland.
    March 1935 Rearmament announced.
    March 1936 Remilitarisation
    of creating a strong unified nation able to achieve foreign policy goals: all institutions coordinated under the Nazis; all opposition removed; military strength restored.
    Lebensraum: the central tenet of policy
    Rhineland. APPEASEMENTfor the survivalshowed weakness of the racially pure Germans, territory in the east needed toFrance, that it would be taken. This was inhabited by Slavsno threat behind Maginot Line.
    1936 Four-year plan
    untermenschen.
    The Treaty of Versailles needed
    to be destroyed.
    Small weak nations, some with Germans, e.g., Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland
    Germans needed
    move to be brought into a greater Germany – grossdeutschland.
    Force must be used as it was the only way to achieve this.
    war economy by 1940. Self-sufficiency.
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    10:53 pm
  2. page G42 Ideology and Foreign Policy edited ... impact of ideology on Nazi foreign policy to September 1939 Text: Chapter Twelve "The Pa…
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    impact of ideology on Nazi foreign policy to September 1939
    Text: Chapter Twelve "The Path to War"
    Foreign policy was a central part of Hitler’s ideology and was linked to racial beliefs
    Policy objectives set out in Mein Kampf: restore Germany to its rightful position; history a struggle between nations for slf-preservation; drive to the east.
    Demoralisation had caused defeat in World War I. Gleichschaltung was a means of creating a strong unified nation able to achieve foreign policy goals: all institutions coordinated under the Nazis; all opposition removed; military strength restored.
    Lebensraum: the central tenet of policy – for the survival of the racially pure Germans, territory in the east needed to be taken. This was inhabited by Slavs – untermenschen.
    The Treaty of Versailles needed to be destroyed.
    Small weak nations, some with Germans, e.g., Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland
    Germans needed to be brought into a greater Germany – grossdeutschland.
    Force must be used as it was the only way to achieve this.

    (view changes)
    10:53 pm
  3. page G41 Nature of Foreign Policy edited ... nature of Nazi foreign policy: aims and strategies to September 1939 Text: Chapter Twelve &qu…
    ...
    nature of Nazi foreign policy: aims and strategies to September 1939
    Text: Chapter Twelve "The Path to War"
    Foreign policy was a central part of Hitler’s ideology and was linked to racial beliefs
    Policy objectives set out in Mein Kampf: restore Germany to its rightful position; history a struggle between nations for slf-preservation; drive to the east.
    Demoralisation had caused defeat in World War I. Gleichschaltung was a means of creating a strong unified nation able to achieve foreign policy goals: all institutions coordinated under the Nazis; all opposition removed; military strength restored.
    Lebensraum: the central tenet of policy – for the survival of the racially pure Germans, territory in the east needed to be taken. This was inhabited by Slavs – untermenschen.
    The Treaty of Versailles needed to be destroyed.
    Small weak nations, some with Germans, e.g., Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland
    Germans needed to be brought into a greater Germany – grossdeutschland.
    Force must be used as it was the only way to achieve this.

    (view changes)
    10:51 pm
  4. page G42 Foreign Policy 2 (deleted) edited
    10:49 pm
  5. page G41 Foreign Policy 1 (deleted) edited
    10:49 pm

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