Students learn about some or all of the following:

1 The nature of European society
  • rich and poor
  • urbanisation and industrialisation
  • social change
  • forms of government

2 Imperialism
  • reasons for the growth of imperialism
  • impact of imperialism on Africa and/or Asia and/or the Middle East and/or the Pacific
  • colonial rivalries

3 Emerging forces and ideas
  • politics of the working class: socialism, trade unionism, Marxism
  • anarchism
  • nationalism
  • internationalism, globalisation
  • democracy, liberalism

4 Causes of World War I
  • long-term and short-term causes