Nature and impact of crises: Berlin Wall 1961; Cuba 1962; Czechoslovakia 1968

Berlin Wall 1961
  • What was the situation in Berlin from 1949 to 1961?
  • What was achieved at the Vienna Cenference June 1961?
  • Why was the Berlin Wall erected?
  • What impact id it have on East-West relations?

J.F.K. makes his famous speech of solidarity with West Berliners: "Ich bin ein Berliner!" (26 June 1963)

US President, Ronald Reagan (1981-1989), exhorts Gorbachev to "Tear down this wall!" (12 June 1987)